SOC 100 Exam 3 Part 4

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 Donna, a 33-year-old divorced women with two sons, and Mark, a 50-year-old divorced man with two daughters, become engaged and live together; although they are strongly committed to one another, they eventually decide not to get married. This is an example of

polyamory
heterogamy
an extended family
cohabitation

 

 

 

Question 37

Explain how traditional Western binary gender norms can be harmful to women (including but not limited to the unattainable beauty norm).

 

Traditional Western binary gender norms can be harmful to women because the gender expectations of women is generalized in forms of beauty which leads to spending billions on appearance, cosmetics, diets, and fashion. This is further extended into harmful surgeries and diet products which could also result in eating disorders. The focus will become away from achieving full human potential and thus, women will be more inclined to stay the weak sex in the society that is subject to prejudice, underestimation, glass ceiling, and other problems.

 

 

 

Which of the following statements about multinational corporations is true?

The ten largest multinational corporations all have their headquarters in the United States.
Their total revenues are on a par with the total value of goods and services exchanged in entire nations.
Everyone agrees that multinational corporations benefit the peoples and natural environments of developing nations.
All of the answers are correct.

 

 

The process of modernization benefits all countries equally.

 

True

False

 

 

Compared to economic inequality in the United States, global inequality is insignificant.

 

True

False

 

 

What is cultural imperialism?

 

The practice of imposing the culture of a more powerful country onto a less powerful one.
The process by which societies evolve from traditional ways of life to industrial and post-industrial practices.
The practice of physically occupying a less powerful country for their labor and resources.
The practice of economically and politically dominating a less powerful country for profit.

 

 

World-systems theory argues that:

 

Government intervention and control are necessary to regulate global market expansion.
Free markets with little or no government interference will enable all the world’s nations to prosper.
Peripheral and semi-peripheral nations depend on core nations in a global economic system.
Global market expansion results in dependency due to the exploitation of poorer nations by wealthier nations.

 

 

According to world systems analysis, a core nation is a nation that

along with its corporations, controls and exploits noncore nations’ economies.
neither exploits nor is exploited by other nations.
is a poor, developing nation exploited by more powerful nations and corporations.
has a marginal economic status and is dependent upon outside control.

 

 

 

Dependency theories argue that:

 

Global market expansion results in dependency due to the exploitation of poorer nations by wealthier nations.
Free markets with little or no government interference will enable all the world’s nations to prosper.
Peripheral and semi-peripheral nations depend on core nations in a global economic system.
Government intervention and control are necessary to regulate global market expansion.

 

 

What is colonialism?

 

The practice of economically and politically dominating a less powerful country for profit.
The practice of imposing the culture of a more powerful country onto a less powerful one.
The practice of physically occupying a less powerful country for their labor and resources.
The process by which societies evolve from traditional ways of life to industrial and post-industrial practices.

 

Global wealth distribution is fairly equal across continents and nations.

 

True

False

 

 

Which pattern of kinship descent is most typical in the United States?

patrilineal
patriarchal
matrilineal
bilateral

 

What effect does the functionalist perspective have on the definition of family?

 

deracializes it
narrows it
broadens it
removes class biases from it

 

Sarna, an Orthodox Jew, marries Sayid, a Muslim. Sarna is disowned by her parents because she has married outside their religion. She has violated the rule of

endogamy
hypergamy
homogamy
exogamy

 

 

 

Couples who choose not to have children argue that:

 

They should adopt or do artificial insemination.
Choosing not to have children is an unreasonable option in today’s strong economy.
They should not be called “childless,” but rather “childfree.”
People should feel sorry for them because they can’t have children.