SOC 100 Exam 3 Part 5

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Question 1

The term neocolonialism describes a new form of colonialism that has a positive, rather than negative, impact on the country being colonized.

True

False

 

Question 2

What is modernization?

 

The practice of physically occupying a less powerful country for their labor and resources.
The process by which societies evolve from traditional ways of life to industrial and post-industrial practices.
The practice of imposing the culture of a more powerful country onto a less powerful one.
The practice of economically and politically dominating a less powerful country for profit.

 

Question 3

What is neocolonialism?

 

The process by which societies evolve from traditional ways of life to industrial and post-industrial practices.
The practice of imposing the culture of a more powerful country onto a less powerful one.
The practice of physically occupying a less powerful country for their labor and resources.
The practice of economically and politically dominating a less powerful country for profit.

 

 

Question 4

According to the video clip shown in class, women in developing countries face which additional obstacle?

 

Lack of proper maternal health care.
Violence against women and girls.
Lack of educational opportunities.
All of these.

Question 5

Which of the following is true about maquiladoras?

They are non-government organizations who donate enormous sums to influence Mexican elections.
They are agricultural workers who migrate seasonally between the United States and Mexico.
They are foreign-owned factories located in Mexico that pay workers low wages and pollute the environment.
None of the answers are correct.

 

Question 6

Global economic inequality has been and remains a global social problem.

 

True

False

 

Question 7

According to the video documentary shown in class, The Gender Revolution, the term “transgender” refers to:

 

Individuals whose birth sex category does not match their preferred gender identity.
Individuals whose birth sex category matches their preferred gender identity.
Individuals who are attracted to the same sex.
Individuals whose birth sex category is unclear or ambiguous.

 

Question 8

According to class lecture and the video The Gender Revolution, which of the following is NOT true about gender around the world?

 

Gender roles are not the same in all cultures; they vary considerably around the world.
Some societies have a third gender category that they treat as normal or even revered.
All cultures and societies are pretty much the same when it comes to beliefs about gender and sex.
Gender variations are common across history; gender roles change over time.

 

Question 9

 

The term “heteronormativity” refers to:

 

The belief that heterosexuality is the only right and normal way to be.
The informal limit on women’s promotion into highest career positions.
The informal practice of quickly promoting men in female dominated occupations to high-ranking positions.
The tendency for women in dual-earner couples to do most of the childcare/domestic work at home.

 

Question 10

Which of the following is NOT one of the goals of the Third Wave Women’s (Feminist) Movement in the US?

 

The right to express one’s true gendered self.
The inclusion of all voices from all standpoints in order to understand intersectionality.
To focus on the status of women globally and not just locally.
The right for women to vote.

 

Question 11

 

Gender inequality is defined as:

The gender system in societies where men are dominant.
The ideology that one sex is superior to another.
Pattern of treatment that systematically denies a group access to resources and opportunities as part of a society’s normal operation.
The difference in power, status, access and choices between men and women.

 

Question 12

According to the video documentary shown in class, The Gender Revolution, the term “cisgender” refers to:

 

Individuals who are attracted to the same sex.
Individuals whose birth sex category does not match their preferred gender identity.
Individuals whose birth sex category is unclear or ambiguous.
Individuals whose birth sex category matches their preferred gender identity.

 

 

Question 13

Which of the following is NOT a social problem caused by the strict, binary gender/sex system, according to lecture?

 

discrimination against gays and lesbians.
discrimination against immigrants.
rigid gender roles for men.
gender wage gap

 

Question 14

Women are naturally more nurturing than men, and therefore should do the bulk of the child rearing. This is an example of which type of argument?

 

essentialist
constructionist
stratification
assimilationist

 

Question 15

 

Denying opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice or for other arbitrary reasons is known as

ethnocentrism
discrimination
stereotyping
segregation