SOCY 1101 Exam 4 Part 2

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Valid research measures

provide consistent results.
are always independent, rather than dependent, variables.
accurately reflect the phenomenon under study.
are ethical standards that are followed by sociologists.

 

 

A hypothesis is

a relationship between two variables whereby a change in one coincides with a change in the other.
a speculative statement about the relationship between two variables.
the transformation of an abstract concept into indicators that are observable and measurable.
the extent to which a measure provides consistent results.

 

 

 

Sociologists conduct a review of the literature to

 

refine the problem under study.
clarify possible techniques to be used in collecting data.
eliminate or reduce avoidable mistakes.
All of the answers are correct.

 

An example of reliability in research is

 

a relationship between two variables whereby a change in one coincides with a change in the other.
the extent to which a measure provides consistent results.
the transformation of an abstract concept into indicators that are observable and measurable.
a speculative statement about the relationship between two variables.

 

 

 

 

Choose ONE of the following (Milgram’s shock study; Zimbardo’s Stanford Prison Experiment, or Laud Humphrey’s Tea Room Trade). Identify which study you chose, and explain what aspect(s) of the study are now considered unethical (according to ASA Research Ethics) and why.

Feral children are children who have virtually no contact with the human society and may grow in isolation. Tarzan, a fictional character is one of the example of such children. These children can help us know about the influence of human nature on human psychology. We might not be able to see a lot of social skills in such children but we can definitely observe their natural instincts of love and affection for other living things. The fundamental of human characteristics that are present at birth can be studied with such studies. Identical twin studies can also be handy in studying the extent of nature or nurture on human beings. In such studies m identical twins are separated in childhood and a comparison of their behavior is made after certain years to know the influence of their different environments and how does it effected their natural characteristics. Such studies can be helpful in learning about the development of human emotions with same DNA but different environments.

Question 2

A sociologist who views religion as a societal institution that functions to unify in-group members is most likely to be a conflict theorist in terms of perspective.

 

True

False

 

 

The perspective that in societies where there is inequality, groups will fight over scarce resources is called…

 

structural functionalism
dramaturgy
conflict theory
symbolic interactionism

 

Question 4

Juan is on his first date with Maria, whom he really likes. He tries to act in a manner that will cause her to like him, too, and to want to go out with him again. According to Goffman, this is an example of…

impression management
props
back stage
performance team

 

Question 5

 

Durkheim’s fatalistic form of suicide occurs…

 

When there is too much social integration.
When there is too little social regulation.
When there is too little social integration.
When there is too much social regulation.

 

 

Question 7

Weber argued that inequality could be better understood by considering people’s…

 

commitment to bureaucracy.
position as owners or workers.
personal belief systems.
class, status, and party.

 

 

Which of the following would be the type of question a sociologist might ask in studying the global economic crisis that began in 2008?

 

What emotional traumas has this crisis caused?
How do the social positions we occupy influence our experience of the crisis?
What were the market trends that led to the crisis?
How does this crisis affect people psychologically?

 

 

The fact that suicide rates in the U.S. are highest in states with low population density reflects which kind of suicide, according to Durkheim?

 

altruistic
egoistic
fatalistic
anomic

 

The conflict theoretical perspective

views conflict as a normal part of society.
uses everyday forms of social interaction to explain larger patterns of society.
views society like an organism with interdependent parts.
All the answers are correct.

 

Durkheim’s anomic form of suicide occurs…

 

When there is too little social regulation.
When there is too much social integration.
When there is too little social integration.
When there is too much social regulation.

The structural functionalist theoretical perspective

views conflict as a normal part of society.
uses everyday forms of social interaction to explain larger patterns of society.
views society like an organism with interdependent parts.
All the answers are correct.

 

A correlation between two variables always indicates causality.

 

True

False

 

In sociology and other sciences, a “literature review” is….

the careful creation of a research question or hypothesis.
a summary of relevant research studies done in the past.
Both answers are true.
Neither answer is true.

 

 

The purpose of transforming a concept by operationalizing it is to make the concept easier to observe and measure.

 

True

False

 

 

A correlation is

a speculative statement about the relationship between two variables.
the transformation of an abstract concept into indicators that are observable and measurable.
a relationship between two variables whereby a change in one coincides with a change in the other.
the extent to which a measure provides consistent results.

 

 

If you were interested in studying the relationship between date and acquaintance rape victims and the characteristics of the rapist, one of your first steps would be to

 

collect and analyze data
create a hypothesis.
choose a research design.
review the literature on date and acquaintance rape.