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QUESTION 1

Give one reason why, according to Socrates, pleasure cannot be what makes life worth living (the good). Why is pleasure not the good?

Socrates had focused on two main points that is happiness is what people desire which links with the goals of the people’s activities and second is that happiness not depends on external things but it depends on how people use things. That’s why pleasure cannot be what makes life worth living.

 

QUESTION 2

Fill in the fourth term:

As medicine is to gymnastics , so justice is to _______________________.

Legislation
Guilt
Power
Trials

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QUESTION 3

True or false? Polus argues that pleasure is more beautiful than the good.

True

False

QUESTION 4

Who says: “A man who is going to live a full life must allow his desires to become as mighty as may be and never repress them”?

Callicles
Archelaus
Polus
Socrates

 

QUESTION 5

Briefly (in a sentence or two) what Socrates means when he says that bad Tyrant, like Archelaus, “do nothing that they wish to do.” Why does the unjust person no do what s/he wants to do?

The unjust person not does what they want to do because according to the Socrates people choose things and if they believe that it is wrong then they chose to benefit others and they do not choose anything that would harm themselves.

 

 

 

QUESTION 6

In two or three sentences, explain why rhetoric is, according to Socrates, a mere ‘knack.’

 

Socrates has discussed the morality of rhetoric. He believes that rhetoric is not an individual moral endeavor. Gorgias was criticized because he would teach anyone without expertise. He believes that people need philosophy for teaching right things. He debated with Polus that rhetoric is an art. But Socrates argued that rhetoric is not an art it is merely a knack because it guesses at what is best without any consideration.

 

 

 

 

QUESTION 7

The opening topic of conversation in Gorgias concerns

the definition of Justice
the definition of Rhetoric
the definition of Pleasure
the definition of Selfishness

 

QUESTION 8

Callicles argues that the best life would be one that scorned moderation and satisfied every desire. Socrates compares this sort of person to:

 

a young colt
a jar full of holes
a rabid badger
a mad murderer

 

QUESTION 9

What justice does the tyrant lack as analyzed by Socrates?

self-control
charity
Fairness
Intelligence