SOC 100 Exam 3 Part 2

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Question 1

Discuss some ways that traditional Western binary gender expectations of masculinity can be harmful to men.

 

Traditional Western binary gender expectations of masculinity can be harmful to men because it considers that Boys must be masculine: active, aggressive, tough, daring, and dominant. This Rigid gender expectations of masculinity places pressure on men to be in danger sometimes where masculinity is tight to violence, fights, power, dominance, and superiority. This Pressure to be breadwinner initiates hatred and violence toward gay, nonconformist, and effeminate men . Consequently, this could lead to High rates of male suicide, especially teens  where there occurs problems of bullying worldwide and Pressure to be aggressive and tough,. Those expectations lead to High short term risks of injury and death and Long term health risks due to stress related diseases.

Question 2

According to evidence presented by W.E.B. Du Bois and many other scientists since his time, race is

socially constructed
biologically essential
socially unimportant
all of the above

 

Question 3

Jason strongly believes that all black people are lazy, shiftless, and collect welfare. This is an example of

discrimination
prejudice
colorblindness
racial formation

 

Question 4

Affirmative action policies are not controversial at all in the United States.

 

True

False

Which of the following accurately reflects what sociologists and economists have observed about immigration policy patterns in the U.S.?

 

When the economy gets worse, immigration policies loosen.
Immigration policies changes are unrelated to the economy.
In times of economic prosperity, immigration policies tighten.
In times of economic prosperity, immigration policies loosen.

 

 

Amalgamation refers to:

 

In cooperative circumstances, interracial contact between people of equal status will reduce prejudice.
Several cultures peacefully coexisting side-by-side (A+B+C=A+B+C)
Melding of several cultures together to form a new culture (A+B+C=D)
Immigrant cultures blending in to the dominant culture (A+B+C=A)

 

 

 

According to lecture, what is NOT considered a problem with race categories?

 

They offer a helpful and accurate way to differentiate human genotypes.
Prejudice and discrimination remains based on scientifically invalidated racial groupings.
They encompass millions or billions of people, with many different ethnicities and backgrounds, who are not alike.
Many people still stereotype people based on their perceived racial category.

 

 

The practice by law enforcement of assuming that people who fit certain physical descriptions are likely to be engaged in illegal activities is referred to as

institutionalized stereotyping
racial profiling
discrimination
ethnocentrism

 

 

The contact hypothesis argues that:

 

Melding of several cultures together to form a new culture (A+B+C=D)
Immigrant cultures blending in to the dominant culture (A+B+C=A)
Several cultures peacefully coexisting side-by-side (A+B+C=A+B+C)
In cooperative circumstances, interracial contact between people of equal status will reduce prejudice.

 

 

The term “scapegoating” refers to:

 

Systematic removal of a group of people from society.
Blaming a racial, ethnic, or minority group for worsening economic conditions.
Deliberate, systematic killing of an entire people or nation.
Physical separation of two or more groups in society.

 

 

Which of the following defines immigrants?

 

a group that is set apart from others because of physical differences that have taken on social significance.
a subordinate group whose members have significantly less control over their own lives than the members of a dominant or majority group.
a group that is set apart from others because of its national origin or distinctive cultural patterns.
a group that has recently arrived in their current nation of residence.

 

 

Which of the following defines minority groups?

a group that is set apart from others because of physical differences that have taken on social significance.
a group that is set apart from others because of its national origin or distinctive cultural patterns.
a group that has recently arrived in their current nation of residence.
a subordinate group whose members have significantly less control over their own lives than the members of a dominant or majority group.

 

 

 

Assimilation refers to:

 

Several cultures peacefully coexisting side-by-side (A+B+C=A+B+C)
Immigrant cultures blending in to the dominant culture (A+B+C=A)
In cooperative circumstances, interracial contact between people of equal status will reduce prejudice.
Melding of several cultures together to form a new culture (A+B+C=D)

 

 

 

The term “glass escalator” refers to:

 

The belief that heterosexuality is the only right and normal way to be.
The tendency for women in dual-earner couples to do most of the childcare/domestic work at home.
The informal practice of quickly promoting men in female dominated occupations to high-ranking positions.
The informal limit on women’s promotion into highest career positions.

 

 

 

Which of the following illustrates the concept of the second shift?

A man has a career as an accountant; when he gets home, he relaxes in front of the television.
A woman works from 9 to 5 as a nurse and then has a second job as a waitress at a local diner.
A woman has a career as a stockbroker; when she gets home, she cooks, cleans and cares for her husband and children.
A woman works first shift, and her husband works second shift. They split the housework and childcare evenly.