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Final Project: Action Plan Template

Objective—The purposes of this assignment are:

  1. To understand the importance of individuals as change agents.
  2. To appreciate the role of dominant group members as allies.
  3. To consider alternatives to ruling, or hegemonic, ideologies.
  4. To understand the importance of social change in alleviating inequality.


Assignment—Before completing this assignment, you must first choose a minority group for whom you can be an ally (note the concept “ally” from the “Interrupting the Cycle of Oppression” article in the book).  Examples of groups you can choose from include:  a racial minority group (e.g., African-Americans, American Indians), an ethnic minority group (e.g., Bosnians, Sudanese, Mexicans), the poor/people in poverty, women, the GLBT community (i.e., gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgendered), immigrants, people with disabilities, religious minorities (e.g., Muslims), etc.  You are to create a plan of action in support of the rights of the particular minority group you chose.  Your plan must address the three levels of social change referred to in your text.

  1. Individual level
  2. Cultural level
  3. Institutional level

    Diversity in USA, Ally group is: “Transgender”:

Identify a group that you have been, or could be, an ally to:


Individual Level:

  • Identify five things you can do to promote individual change in regard to this group. Each item you list should be specific and unique.  g., don’t just say “learn more about this group.”  Tell me how you will learn more about the group?  What can you do to enhance your learning?

Ally group is: “Transgender”:

Transgender people experience a mismatch between their gender identity or gender expression and their assigned sex. The transgender are often considered a social stigma by their families and subsequently societies. The rejection transgender people encounter is significantly harsher than the negative attitudes experienced by lesbian, gay and bisexual.

  1. Sensitization and education of self: At individual level, a rapid key informant research on the transgender issue faced both at socio-economic and psychological level will be carried out in order to first aware and sensitize myself regarding transgender rights issues. Based on self-sensitization together with confident knowledge, information, education and communication materials will be developed in localized context and dissemination through social media like face book, twitter aware people about transgender rights issues.
  2. Identification and recognition of nearby transgender: Before adopting this way as an individual change agent in terms of transgender rights advocacy, one must be ready to expect social ridicule by family and friends. At personal social circle level, transgender (of nay number) will be searched and made respectful friend. Transgender folk will be enough convinced through self-demonstrated behavior that he/she can be a good friend of normal sex folks. With patience and persistence this will work gradually for better self of a single ally member of the group.
  3. Introduce transgender to close friends: The made Trans friend should be introduced in a close friends company. The Trans folk should be introduced with equal human way as we do for others. In interval seating, friends will be brainstormed focusing on the issue being faced by transgender at individual and social level.
  4. Volunteering for the cause: Once the friends group is enough sensitized and ready to work about the transgender rights issues, make a small volunteer networks and chalk out family and neighborhood based plan entails social recognition and equal human rights modus operandi for Trans. This will help a few transgender in circle to feel better about themselves in terms of social recognition and acceptability.
  5. The council of key influentials: The key family and neighbor influential elders will be consulted and sensitized about the transgender rights issues. Once they prepared to work for the ally group with compassionate mode, the council of keys will be further used to influence other key local leaders like Mosque Imam, local market traders, school teachers’ advocate for transgender rights.

Institutional Level:

  • What are two examples of institutional inequality that this group faces?
  1. State owned livelihood programs: Discrimination, stigmatization, and exclusionary laws can contribute to poverty, and, in some cases, may result in extreme poverty. These same factors also create hurdles for reducing poverty, thus negatively impacting the livelihoods of Transgender persons and their families around the world in multiple ways. However, there are serious gaps in available data on the income levels and economic status of Transgender persons in most developing countries. However, its known fact that Transgender youth are at increased risk for being abandoned by their families and rejected, barred, or deterred from accessing schools, all of which undermine their ability to learn and develop the skills that are necessary for a productive life as an adult. The livelihoods of Transgender are further impact by discriminatory employment practices, which render them vulnerable to poverty and predispose them to risky and illegal occupations. The vast majority of developing and many developed countries do not have employment protections for Transgender persons. As a result, Transgender persons are frequently not hired explicitly because they are transgender. This negatively impacts their earning potential and ability to contribute to the positive economic development of their home countries. Left without access to secure employment, some Transgender persons resort to sex work or other illegal activities to earn income.
  2. Impediment to Accessing Health Care: Discrimination against transgender at the personal, familial, and societal levels has been correlated with long-lasting physical and mental health problems, including high rates of psychiatric disorders, substance abuse, and suicide. 8-11from an early age, the potential transgender significantly needs for psychosocial support and health care. However, accessing health care services is among the most daunting challenges the transgender community confronts. In many developing countries the ‘’ally group’’ when seek health care services of any kind encounter rejection, humiliation, or, at best, sub-standard services. Even where health care providers, clinicians, and government health agencies are accepting of Transgender clients, the service providers often lack basic information or training about the distinct health concerns and appropriate medical and counseling practices for them.


  • What would institutional change look like in ways that would positively impact this group? Be specific.


  • Mainstreaming Transgender Issues into law and operational Policies and Procedures regarding their livelihood proection: The state should promulgate legislation regarding transgender livelihood protection. This should entails jobs quota system in industries, government job and even in private corporate. Just like state have quota jobs for disables, or other sort of miniorities, the same should be applied in transgender case. There should be proper skill learning centers for transgender for their right to work and earn with dignity approach.
  • Friendly and equal access to health care: The state as well as private run health centre particularly psychiatric health unit should exclusively establish therapy centers for the transgender across the country. Especially the dedicated psychiatrics should be trained internally and externally in transgender related medical science and be launched in all hospital with specific duty time for transgender both physical and psychological treatment. With the support of civil society, NGOs, media and other advocacy groups, such reforms can be brought in mainstream health care for the benefit of ally group.

Cultural Change:

  • What are two examples of cultural inequality that this group faces? Be sure to think about specific aspects of dominant culture (e.g., language, symbols, values, norms, ideologies, stereotypes).  Be specific.


  1. Masculine nature of culture often strike hard on transgender. Masculinity is considered the ornaments of bravery, power and social pride. As a result such socially cognitive narcissist behavior results to look down upon fragile women and particularly transgender. Especially in conservative tribal culture, such insulting attitude towards transgender is often found in their idioms, poetry and mythical stories. Proverbs like ‘death is better than to live with transgender’; ‘some men are born in their bodies, others have to fight for it; ‘Hat is a choice, being Trans is not’. In some myths Trans are depicted as devil in chaos. This shows socially perceived attitude towards Tran’s folk in particular communities.
  2. The family attitude towards transgender is the beginning of tragedy: Often the Transgender when identified in a family, at sudden all of the kins feel shame and stigma for having such members inside family. They as a whole not only reject them, but also try to alienate them through different social pressures like mockery, proverbial satires etc. Hence majority of them elope from the hometown and use to live in a place where no one know him. This homeless status often lead to economic vulnerability in shape of beggars as well compelled sex work. Many of them often commit suicide due to gender identity crises. In a short time they become extreme vulnerable in terms of socio-economic and psychological patterns.
  • What would cultural change look like in ways that would positively impact this group? You can draw from real life past examples of cultural shifts as well as hypothetical future shifts.  Be specific.


From neighborhood to village level to council level, a group of volunteers including elders should be formalized particularly to transgender rights issues. The key influential persons like Mosque Imam, mayor of the city and villages, trade union representative should be taken on board to advocate transgender equal rights. In cultural idioms, poetry, songs and other type of arts, transgender should be projected as equal and full humans capable of doing anything. Literature regarding their humiliation should be slowly diminished and be replaced with healthy and feeling better messages.

In the schools/colleges, universities and media, the transgender rights issues should be projected in a dignified manner. Different theatre and TV dramas should be written and played entails transgender a hero of humanity. Tran march, Trans day should be celebrated with full zeal spirit for their rights awareness. Particularly among school children, the rights, values and recognition of transgender should be inculcated through routine education so that tomorrow the new generation will have a sense of equality towards Transgender.