Annotated Bibliography

Goodall, N. (2014). Ethical decision making during automated vehicle crashes.Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, (2424), 58-65.

In this article, the author describes the autonomous technology in general and driverless cars in particular and talks about the scenarios that may arise when an accident occurs between an autonomous car and a pedestrian or another human driven car and then describes the legal positions of the car, manufacturers, owners and the injured. The author is well aware of the legal issues and has very well elaborated the issues and related legal information in an effective manner.

History of autonomous car. (n.d.). Retrieved October 6, 2015, from

This reference from Wikipedia talks about the history of evolution in the development of autonomous cars. The authors takes the audience back to 1920s and mentiones the developments in this particular technology at different ages till the current years. The author of this Wikipedia article has used authentic sources as citations to strengthen the value of the information shared.

Marks, P. (2012). Hands off the wheel. New Scientist, 213(2858), 19-20.

This article not only throws light on the different features of autonomous cars in detail explaining the technologies involved with different features but also talks a brief about the history of these cars. The author also talks about the growing criticism about driverless cars from various sectors. However, overall this article supports the development of autonomous driverless cars.

Mui, C. (2015, August 21). Google is millions of miles ahead of Apple in driverless cars.

Retrieved October 8, 2015, from

In this article Mui compares the work of Google and Apple in the development of driverless cars. The writer argues that despite innovative culture of Apple, Google is millions miles ahead in the development of driverless cars because Google has been having experience in the field and they learnt a lot from the experience. The Google Car has been tested for million miles and the incidents’ data will help Google always stay ahead of others in the market. The article gives a very good assessment of the security aspects and reliability level of Google’s driverless cars.

Poczter, S. L., & Jankovic, L. M. (2013). The Google Car: Driving Toward A Better Future?. Journal of Business Case Studies (JBCS)10(1), 7-14.

This article describes the technological advances in the field autonomous cars development by Google. The author then talks about the competitors’ work and explains the edge that Google has over others. At the end, the author explains legal, ethical and social implications of Google’s autonomous car. The article is a good reading to analyze all aspects of autonomous cars’ technology.



Urmson, C. (2015, May 11). The view from the front seat of the Google self-driving car. Retrieved October 7, 2015, from

This article talks about the reliability aspects of the Google’s driverless car. The author describes about how Google scores at the top in reliability and security. The author mentions the million miles test drives and the nature of incidents occurred to Google’s car during these tests. Overall the author concludes that the accidents were never driverless fault but occurred due to human drivers’ negligence. The article provides a strong review of security aspects of Google’s driverless car.

Waldrop, M. M. (2015, February 4). Autonomous vehicles: No drivers required. Retrieved October 6, 2015,

This article describes the legal, ethical, and social considerations regarding driverless cars. The author explains about what kind of ethical and social issues can arise when such cars are on the road. The author also points out some legal concerns regarding driverless car accidents to point out a critical question about liabilities on owner, car, or manufacturer. The article is very valuable to have an understanding of ethical, social and legal issues related to autonomous cars.