The difference between the National Park System and National Wilderness System is realized through a proper exploration of the management structure the two and their functionalities. While the National Wilderness belongs to the Department of Agriculture, the national Part System belongs to the Department of Interior (Scott, Malcolm, & Lemieux, 2002).

The National Wilderness System is normally used for both diversity and health sustainability. It can also serve the mandate of the nation’s forest productivity in order to meet both present and future generation needs. On the other hand, the National Parks System normally serves the function of human inspiration and enjoyment, and education for the current generations and the generations to come.