Gangs Course Sample Exam Questions

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QUESTION 1

What type of gangs were formed during the late 1980’s?

 

Indo-Chinese gangs were formed during the late 1980s.

Outlaw Motorcycle gangs

Prison gangs

White Supremacists

 

QUESTION 2

The CDC has listed “violence” as a major cause of youth deaths.

 

True

 

False

 

QUESTION 3

1      The actual work “gang” comes from:

 

an old English term for a group of people who traveled together

 

an old Norse term to beat up on people

 

an old Arabic term to hide from the law

 

an old Spanish term for hanging ropes

 

QUESTION 4

1   What early NY Five Points gang became the first street gang to use murder as a membership requirement?

 

the Latin Kings

 

the Hells Angels

 

the Whyos

 

the Dead Rabbits

 

QUESTION 5

1   One of the early (1826) street gangs to have a formal leader was:

 

the 40 Thieves

 

the Rounders

 

La Costa Nostra

 

the Bowery Boys

 

2.5 points

 

QUESTION 6

One attempt to control the increasingly violent criminal activity was to:

reinstate the death penalty

deport undocumented immigrants back to their country of origin

lower the age for criminal liability to 14

pass comprehensive gun laws

 

QUESTION 7

What group appeared in the West around mid 1800’s and brought in opium?

Peruvians

Africans

Chinese

Dutch

 

QUESTION 8

What even actually served as a catalyst to develop guidelines or street rules for Mexican gangs?

 

the 1965 riots in the Watt’s section of Los Angeles

 

The Zoot Suit Riots in 1943

 

The Rodney King Riots in 1992

 

The Battle for Los Angeles 1957

 

QUESTION 9

This term is associated with Mexican gang members from Southern California.

El Diablo’s
Surenos
Norteno’s
Brown Beret’s

 

QUESTION 10

1   Which is NOT one of the factors of developing gangs?

 

class distinction

social bias

racism

the “separate but equal” clause of Plessy v Ferguson

 

QUESTION 11

The advent of “tagging” can be traced back to:

 

Cave art

 

Egypt

WWII

Civil War

 

QUESTION 12

Which weapon has been the instrument of choice for gang members?

 

stilettos

switchblades

guns

box cutters

 

QUESTION 13

What type of gangs have broken the race and gender membership barriers?

 

social media gangs

 

gangs that just tag

 

hybrid gangs

 

international gangs

 

QUESTION 14

What is it that has a universal effect, that can effect attitudes and behaviors, regardless of group or criminal activity?

 

increasing use of hard drugs

decrease in employment opportunities

music

none of the above

 

QUESTION 15

2   What is a silent and subtle factor that helps find kids together in a street gang?

 

peer pressure and religion

 

religion and turf

 

language and culture

 

art & music

 

QUESTION 16

2   What has been shown to be a primary risk factor for youth to join gangs?

 

tobacco

 

alcohol

 

drugs

 

failing in school

 

2.5 points

 

QUESTION 17

2   What factor contributes to the public’s unwillingness to get involved as cooperative witnesses in criminal cases?

 

drugs

 

peer pressure

 

fear of the police

 

social apathy

 

2.5 points

 

QUESTION 18

2   What do some experts feel attributes to the impact of gang growth?

 

lack of contraceptives

 

decline of traditional two-parent families

 

increased mobility

 

influences from shadowy terrorist groups

 

2.5 points

 

QUESTION 19

What can dictate how people live, what they wear, or socialize?

 

gang violence

 

police actions

 

strict penal code sanctions

 

increased technology

 

2.5 points

 

QUESTION 20

2   The critical age group for gang involvement is

 

7 – 12

 

12 – 16

 

14 – 24

 

there is no critical age group

 

2.5 points

 

QUESTION 21

2   Indicators of future gang activities is a trend toward

 

use of semi-automatic weapons

 

gang migration

 

emigration

 

identity theft

 

2.5 points

 

QUESTION 22

3   A tradition and culture of membership in a local area gang, over years of family involvement, is referred to as:

 

generaltional street gangs

 

inter-urban street gangs

 

non-generational street gangs

 

social norming street gangs

 

2.5 points

 

QUESTION 23

Female gangs comprise about what percentage of the gang population in California?

A. 90%
B. 70%
C. 50%
D. 10% or less

 

2.5 points

 

QUESTION 24

 

3   In addition to low religious attendance, use of marijuana, and violence, what was a factor in potential gang behavior?

 

clothing

 

access to computers

 

poor refusal skills

 

ability to fight

 

2.5 points

 

QUESTION 25

 

3   In the Seattle study, which group was more likely to join a gang at 26.2%

 

Hispanics

 

Whites

 

African Americans

 

Asians

 

 

QUESTION 27

 

3   Overall, while difficult to predict gang membership, the good news is that on average:

 

the members are not all violent

 

they only hurt/injure/kill others like them

 

their tenure is short

 

they always mature out of it

 

Long term and consistent exposure to violence can cause a type of inoculation or

desensitization

 

This factor is an important part of the developmental process for youth.

A. early exposure to violence
B. early exposure to firearms
C. ability to identify with a group
D. hormone treatments

 

What can affect the brains maturation process?

A. poverty and exposure to violence
B. violence alone can affect the brains maturation process
C. electrical stimulation of the frontal lobe
D. removal of myelin from the brains neurons

2.5 points   

QUESTION 9

According to the text, those who are ore likely to be involved in actual physical violence are referred to as

A. action figures
B. arbitrary actors
C. doers
D. enforcers

2.5 points   

QUESTION 10

Another factor that develops about the same time the brain is developing is

A. cognitive scripts are indelibly written
B. puberty begins
C. language skills are achieved
D. parents become distant and aloof

 

The earlier gang membership starts, the:

A. earlier delinquent and criminal behavior begins
B. earlier intervention works
C. later intervention works
D. less adult criminal behavior occurs

 

In the Seattle study, how many children of 124, remained in a non-generational gang for five years or more?

A. 124
B. 90
C. 20
D. 1

 

Which is NOT TRUE with regards to intergenerational gangs?

A. they tend to protect those in their turf
B. non-gang members in the same community may benefit from the sense of security offered by the gang
C. although there is an increased police presence, the gang has an overall greater presence
D. they have a well-earned “robin Hood” mentality and are beloved by all in the neighborhood

 

A benefit of having good role models present is

A. a positive social identity
B. strength in numbers
C. ability to fight back
D. to demand respect

 

Which is a true statement?

A. risk factors do not generally indicate a likelihood of gang membership
B. use and sales of drugs are not usually part of gang activity
C. gang members are actually twice as likely to carry guns
D. incarceration rates are not linked to criminal behavior

 

While gang membership may begin at any age, the text lists the prime age as:

A. 8
B. 10
C. 12
D. 14

 

 

A truth of gang membership is

A. gang identity is lifelong
B. you only have to hurt others if you are willing to do that
C. you will be expected to hurt others
D. you cannot marry outside the gang

 

 

A key component of being involved with a group, is that it is a source of

A. attention
B. self worth
C. financial success
D. academic success