I believe that the poem was referring to America’s separation from Britain. In the first two lines the poem goes; LO! Freedom comes. Th’prescient Muse foretold, All Eyes th’ accomplish’d Prophecy behold (Peters 1-2). To me I interpret this as Freedom has come as expected. Later in the poem it then goes on to say; Britain, whose Navies swept th’ Atlantic o’er, And Thunder sent to every distant Shore; E’en thou, in Manners cruel as thou art, The Sword resign’d, resume the friendly Part! (Peters 17-20). I interpret this part as war is now over between American and Britain and peace has taken over.
The element that I easily observed was the use of rhythm, from the beginning to the end of the poem a simple AA and BB style as use to give the poem a rhythm. Saying the poem out loud and expressing the words allowed for easier reading and understanding.
Auspicious Heaven shall fill with fav’ring Gales,
Where e’er Columbia spreads her swelling Sails:
To every Realm shall Peace her Charms display,
And Heavenly Freedom spread her golden Ray.
As you can see in these four lines from the ending of the poem, is how the poet use a simple AA and BB style to give rhyme. Thoughts?
Liberty and Peace by Phillis Wheatley (1753-1784)