Assignment One

Political Science Research Proposal

University of District of Columbia

 

 

Introduction

Health is an important aspect of building a nation. This is also the reason why the American government has a special care for the health-related issues. But there are certain instances where the government developed policies, revenues and taxes are making it difficult to achieve health goals. For example, caffeine is the most actively used drug which is used in almost every drink offered at the restaurants or cafes. The most popular restaurant chains like KFC, Starbucks, and Tim Horton’s and so on are all indulged in the frequent use of caffeine in their drinks. The WHO and US government have declared caffeine as the significant reason for rising health problems, but still, its use has been continuing as a matter of profit and government revenues. The government has ventured for the restriction on sales and marketing of those products which are having an excessive amount of caffeine or any unhealthy components in them but still it was not worth the change. WHO has stated some of the most considerable health risks related to unhealthy food and beverages specifically those containing caffeine as hypertension, convulsions, vomiting, palpitations, and sometimes even death due to heart failure when taken in excess (Siddique, 2014).

The topic of our research would be “to develop a study of unhealthy taxes and how they cost the general health of the public.” The research will be aimed at identifying the political issues which have been emerged over the time with the imposition of unhealthy taxes related to fast food. The taxes are considered unfair as a matter of political issues which are frequent with the profits of current food driven industry. Moreover, we will try to work on assessing all the possible health problems and issues in the legal framework. The research would be working on the questions like what type of policies must be developed to work on health. The study of the earlier work would be helpful in analyzing the entire scenario and framing appropriate conclusions. Based on all the information collected from research work, we will try to develop an effective solution to the issue.

Methodology

This research would be aimed at analyzing the current scenario for the food-related taxes. The research would work on the political and health considerations which are associated with the use of unhealthy food and beverages and associated taxes. The research would further study the various previous research work done on this political aspect. We would work through all the policies which favor the sales of unhealthy food and how the policies must be actually regulated.

Research Questions

  1. What are the health issues which are ignored by the current tax and revenue policies in relation to consumption of unhealthy food?
  2. What is the correlation between the increasing price of products containing caffeine and improvement in health and nutrition?

The question would be completely oriented towards developing the understanding of health aspects, political issues, and solutions related to unhealthy food sales and government’s role in encouraging the products.

Hypothesis

The research would try to develop the solution to the health issues by limiting the unhealthy practices in the food and beverages industry which contains caffeine as its constituents. Moreover, the energy drinks which are having the very high amount of caffeine to work on stimulating the response must be banned. The drinks are maximum used by sports personalities, but the use of such drinks and food does not have good results in the long run. Therefore, there is an urgent need to reform the policies and develop the new revenues that can help in controlling the health issues.

Parameters of Study

The study would run through the research work which has been done till date related to the topic. We would be aimed at identifying the issues for both the government and health industry. Based on the data gathered the research would try to establish the solutions which can be implemented in order to overcome the issue of research. The study would be based on the data presented in research, newspaper survey, and the health department research to enhance the quality of information using factual data. This would also help in developing better solutions based on the statistical values.

Implied Variables

The variables are developed to understand the dependency of the people on the important subjects of research. We would be considering the data presented by the medical agencies like WHO, the idea of manufacturing industries which are engaged with producing unhealthy food, the government and their ideas related to such products, and the most important variable would understand the society or people who are the main consumers.

The Actual Methodology

The actual methodology of the research would be analysis based study. The research would work by understanding the position of government and health industry on the issue of unhealthy taxes. After understanding the facts, the statistics and information would be explained so that insight into the best solution can be developed. The results would be produced entirely on the basis of research study and information interpreted.

Limitations of the study

The study presented on the unhealthy taxes is only confined to the food industry. While there can be other areas which are facing issues related to inappropriate revenue issues. Moreover, the research approach is much based on analysis of previously recorded data which may decrease the accuracy. The latest checks made to the system could be helpful in providing more relevant knowledge to the readers.

 

References

Franck, C., Grandi, S. M., & Eisenberg, M. J. (2013). Taxing Junk Food to Counter Obesity. American Journal of Public Health, 103(11), 1949-1953. doi:10.2105/ajph.2013.301279

Marron, D., Gearing, M., & Iselin, J. (2015, December). SHOULD WE TAX UNHEALTHY FOODS AND DRINKS? Retrieved from https://www.urban.org/sites/default/files/alfresco/publication-pdfs/2000553-Should-We-Tax-Unhealthy-Foods-and-Drinks.pdf

Siddique, H. (2014, October 14). Energy drinks could cause public health problems, says WHO study. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/oct/14/energy-drinks-significant-health-risk-who-study-finds

Marron, D. (2016, June 16). Should Governments Tax Unhealthy Foods and Drinks? (Updated). Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/beltway/2015/12/14/should-governments-tax-unhealthy-foods-and-drinks/