The Introduction of your project should consist of what is being discussed throughout the paper. This section should also encompass the research question that will addressed and the methodology for employing the research. Last, this section should include the trajectory of the project — meaning what the researcher anticipates will occur and why. The Introduction should not exceed one page in length.
The Methodology section of you paper should begin with the topic of the paper. This section should also include the research question(s), hypothesis(ses), parameters of study, implied variables, and the actual methodology that will be utilized to complete this project. Last, this section must include the limitations of study. The methodology should be two pages in length and employ APA style format.
Findings, Analysis & Recommendation
Parents, Religion, and Career
The parental refusals of vaccines are growing several concerns for the increased occurrences of vaccine-preventable diseases in children. There are a number of reasons that parents delay, refuse and hesitate to vaccinate their children. One of the main reason is religious affiliations. The reasons vary between parents, and it is encompassed in four overarching categories. These four categories are personal beliefs, religious reasons, safety concerns and philosophical reasons and desires for getting more information from healthcare providers (Berlinger, 2015).
The parental refusals about vaccines in each of the category leads to a wide spectrum of decisions that vary from parents that refusing all the vaccinations to delay vaccinations. A large number of parents have several concerns and questions about their childhood vaccinations. Education is a key player in equipping the parents with the essential information so that they can become more responsible for taking immunization decisions for their children (Caceres, 2016).
Findings, Analysis & Recommendation(s)
Findings of Paper
From the resources and data collected, it is found that most of the parents do not vaccinate their children due to the lack of education and knowledge. Their incomplete religious affiliations information and medical information restricts them to vaccinate their children on time that will impact the health of their children and their academic qualification as well as their career. From the analysis, it is determined that when the children are not vaccinated on time, then it impacts the immune system of children and they face the diseases more and suffer from diseases very rapidly due to the weak or poor immune system. It also impacts the ability of the children to learn and remember the things for the longest time. The unvaccinated children pose a public health threat to the communities. Education is the only way by which parents can make the responsible immunization decisions for their children (Iannelli, 2013).
The below graph shows that the hesitation of the parents to vaccinate their children increase the immunization exception rate more than tripled from 2000 to 2017 in Arizona’s. It indicated that in 2007, the immunization exemption rate is only 1%, but it increased to 4.3 % in 2017 due to the parent’s refusal, denies, delay and hesitation of vaccinating their children (AZPulse, 2018).
Figure 1: Immunization Exemption Rate from 2007 to 2017 (AZPulse, 2018)
The parents refuse to vaccinate their children due to several reasons. The below graph shows the percentage of the parents corresponding to the reasons due to which they refuse or hesitate to vaccinate their children. There are 22 percent that hesitates due to the religious beliefs, 60 percent are due to the medical condition, 10 percent due to the philosophical belief, 28 percent hesitate due to the concern for the side-effects, 16 percent of the parents do not want to describe the reason, 3 percent parents want to prevent their children from painful injections (YouGov Staff, 2017).
Figure 2: Reasons for Hesitation of Parents to Vaccinate their Children (YouGov Staff, 2017)
Figure 3: Death Caused by Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (Vanderslott, 2018)
The above graph shows the deaths that caused by vaccine-preventable diseases from 1990 to 2016. It indicated when the parents vaccinate their children less, the number of children is dead due to the weak immune system. With the advancement of technology and the increase of the use of the vaccination among the people, the number of deaths becomes decreased as compared to earlier days (Vanderslott, 2018).
Analysis of Research
This section analyzes all the data collected and resources and the findings from the various research paper. After the analysis, it is concluded that most of the children were dead due to the lack of information and knowledge about vaccination and their benefits to their children. The health of the children should be the primary concern for the parents. So, they should neglect the religious affirmations that restrict them to vaccinate their children and prevents the life of the children from severe diseases and its negative impact on their academic qualification and career (Krule, 2015).
If the vaccination is not given to the children at the time, then it not only results in the individual death but also causes transmission of the infectious diseases from one person to another. It weakens the immune system of an individual due to which he or she may have infected more from various types of diseases that result in an impact of their studies. The students are not able to concentrate on their studies due to the weakened immune system and their diseases faced by them (McKee, 2016).
According to the World Health Organization, 2 to 3 million deaths are prevented every year through immunization against tetanus, diphtheria, measles and whooping cough. All of these diseases occurred in an individual due to the non-vaccination (Vanderslott, 2018). The number of deaths of the people can be prevented through vaccination. The analysis also indicated that the number of deaths due to the several diseases had been decreased due to the vaccination as compared to earlier years (Rahim, 2007).
When the children are not vaccinating then the body of the children is response fast to the bacteria, pathogenic viruses or other invades. Also, the children are not able to fight with different types of diseases and do not focus on their studies. They are unable to learn the different things and to remember that for the longer period of time (THE ORIGINAL SKEPTICAL RAPTOR, 2018).
After the analysis and recommendations, it was recommended to the parents that they should vaccinate their children on time as it prevents the life of their children from several types of diseases and makes their immune system and body strong that provides the strength to fight from various types of diseases. The health of the children should be the priority of the parents instead of considering the various religious affiliations whose prove is not available that they are correct or not.
The other thing which is recommended to the parents is that they should concern the specialist doctor that can provide them with sufficient information about the vaccination and also describe them the importance of vaccinating their children. The parents should also get the information about the side-effect of the vaccination as most of the people to think that vaccination has various side-effects on the body especially on small children’s. This is also a major reason that they do not vaccinate their children.
Another thing that is recommended is that the doctors and health care provider should conduct the campaigns in which they should provide the full information of the vaccination and their benefits and about the disadvantages of non-vaccinate the children and the way it impacts the immune system of the individual. If an individual is aware of the risks, then they can take the actions to prevent themselves as well as their families from them. The best information helps the parents to take the correct decisions related to the life of their children and their career and academic qualification.
AZPulse. (2018, September 26). Vaccine Hesitancy Puts Arizonan’s At Risk For Diseases. Retrieved from https://www.azpulse.org/vaccine-hesitancy-puts-arizonans-at-risk-for-vaccine-preventable-diseases/
Berlinger, N. (2015). Parental Resistance to Childhood Immunizations: Clinical, Ethical, and Policy Considerations. Retrieved from https://journalofethics.ama-assn.org/article/parental-resistance-childhood-immunizations-clinical-ethical-and-policy-considerations/2006-10
Caceres, M. (2016, March 4). The Impact of Vaccination on the Immature Human Immune System. Retrieved from https://thevaccinereaction.org/2016/03/the-impact-of-vaccination-on-the-immature-human-immune-system-2/
Iannelli, V. (2013, August 28). Which Religions Are Really Against Vaccines? Retrieved from https://www.verywellfamily.com/religious-exemptions-to-vaccines-2633702
Krule, M. (2015, February 5). Why Is There a Religious Exemption for Vaccines? Do Any Religions Really Object? Retrieved from http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/medical_examiner/2015/02/religious_exemption_for_vaccines_christian_scientists_catholics_and_dutch.html
McKee, C., & Bohannon, K. (2016). Exploring the Reasons Behind Parental Refusal of Vaccines. The Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 21(2), 104-109. doi:10.5863/1551-6776-21.2.104
Rahim, S. (2007, October 17). Parents claim religion to avoid vaccines for kids. Retrieved from http://www.nbcnews.com/id/21347434/ns/health-childrens_health/t/parents-claim-religion-avoid-vaccines-kids/#.W78dAXszbIU
THE ORIGINAL SKEPTICAL RAPTOR. (2018, January 28). Religion and vaccinations ? a review of the current knowledge. Retrieved from https://www.skepticalraptor.com/skepticalraptorblog.php/religions-state-vaccines/
Vanderslott, S. (2018). How is the world doing in its fight against vaccine-preventable diseases? Retrieved from https://ourworldindata.org/vaccine-preventable-diseases