FINAL EXAM

Instructions:

  • What is a matrix organization? What advantages and disadvantages are associated with this type of organization?
  • What is a cross-functional, self-managed team? Who would serve on such teams? Why do cross-functional, self-managed teams often lead to networking?
  • Describe and compare the basic contributions of Maslow and Herzberg to the understanding of worker motivation
  • Compare the assumptions Theory X makes about employees with those of Theory Y. How do these different assumptions influence management styles?
  • Describe the steps involved in the marketing process

Writing Requirements

Grading Criteria:

  • This assignment will be graded using the UOTP Writing Rubric 

 

 

ABSTRACT

A matrix organizational structure reveal relationships are set up as a matrix or a grid rather than in the traditional hierarchy. At the end of the day, employees have to perform dual reporting among management. A self-managed team is a team which deals on its own and on consistent schedule to play out the obligations and jobs that needs to be done while cross-functional team comprises of individuals from various capacities who work to fulfill a solitary objective. The fundamentals of the Maslow’s theory deals with the human needs as well as their satisfaction while the theory of Hertzberg is assuming the implication of motivators for growth. Marketing process shows a planning procedure to enhance the reason for making all efforts in marketing.

 

What is a matrix organization? What advantages and disadvantages are associated with this type of organization?

This structure of organization is atypical because it unites employees and managers from various departments to progress in the direction of accomplishing a goal (Johnson, 2017). Entrepreneurs ought to understand the advantages and limitations of the matrix structure before executing it. One of the advantages of executing this structure in a business is that it can lead to a proficient exchange of information. Departments work firmly together and communicate with each other much of the time to illuminate issues (Johnson, 2017). Proficient lines of communication enhance profitability and allow for speedy basic leadership. The matrix structure encourages a democratic leadership style. This style incorporates the contribution of team individuals before managers make choices which enhance employee satisfaction and increased motivation. A disadvantage of the matrix structure is that it can bring about internal multifaceted nature (Johnson, 2017). Along with that the implementation of this structure is costly. A company’s overhead cost typically increases because of the requirement for twofold management.

What is a cross-functional, self-managed team? Who would serve on such teams? Why do cross-functional, self-managed teams often lead to networking?

A self-managed team chooses its own individuals. The individuals then assess each other’s exhibitions. Individuals from cross-functional teams are chosen by the objective at hand. These team individuals are at about the same progressive level yet from various functions of the association (Newton, 2017). Influential positions likewise shift between self-managed and cross-functional teams. Cross-functional teams regularly require hands-on administration systems, while self-managed teams require practically zero administration. Self-managed teams work without administrators and are in charge of deciding work assignments, arranging breaks and all things considered controlling the general pace of work (Newton, 2017). A pioneer in a cross-functional team is to a greater extent a mentor. Levels of contention additionally change between self-managed and cross-functional teams. Cross-functional teams empower partners to have a contribution to the improvement procedure, expanding the contention level inside the team. Every one of the individuals from a cross-functional team originated from various work foundations and characteristically has alternate points of view when issues emerge (Newton, 2017). A self-managed team will likewise keep running into issues, much like whatever other team sort. Be that as it may, the individuals will probably have similar points of view, limiting clash when an issue emerges. Both teams prompt systems administration as a result of their style of administration and necessity for upgraded joint effort and coordination while settling on choices and operations.

Describe and compare the basic contributions of Maslow and Herzberg to the understanding of worker motivation

Maslow’s theory represents the hierarchy of human needs for moving on level of motivation. Maslow elaborates the five steps of human needs to enhance the motivation of employees while Hertzberg refers to motivating factors and hygiene factors for employee’s motivation (Mark, 2014). Hygiene factors show dissatisfaction while motivating factors enhance the motivation level of the employees. Out of the two theories, the theory presented by Maslow is acceptable widely. On the other hand, the theory presented by Herzberg’s just show an extension of Maslow’s theory and is narrowly implemented. Maslow’s theory is expressive while the theory of Herzberg’s is authoritarian in nature (Mark, 2014). Maslow theory shows that the lower level needs also act as motivators for employees while the Herzberg shows that only higher level needs act as motivators rather than lower level needs.

 Compare the assumptions Theory X makes about employees with those of Theory Y. How do these different assumptions influence management styles?

If a manager believes that his colleagues don’t embrace their work and have little inspiration, then he would likely utilize a dictatorship style of administration. This approach is exceptionally convenient and as a rule includes micromanaging the work of individuals to guarantee that it completes appropriately (Mind Tools, 2017). This theory of McGregor is recognized as Theory X. Then again, if the manager trusts that the general team members of his group take pride in their work and consider it to be a test, then he would more probable receive a participative style of management. Directors who utilize this approach confide in their kin to take responsibility for work and do it adequately independent from anyone else (Mind Tools, 2017). This theory of McGregor is recognized as Theory Y. The approach that the administration will take significantly affects the administration capacity to spur the team members. Thus, it’s essential to see how the view of what inspires them can shape the administration style. Most supervisors and managers will probably utilize a blend of Theory X and Theory Y. The administration style additionally depends on the administration propensity to micromanage or then again utilizes the participative approach (Mind Tools, 2017). Albeit both styles of administration can inspire individuals, the accomplishment of each will to a great extent rely on upon the necessities and needs of the group and additionally the hierarchical goals.

Describe the steps involved in the marketing process.

The five stages in key marketing are: mission recognition; situation analysis; objectives setting; working on a marketing strategy; and evaluation of the strategy (Handlin, 2017). The initial phase in vital marketing is to verbalize the motivation behind why the business or project exists and how it can profit target purchasers over the long haul. Specifically, this mission explanation is proposed to envision the future and portray a progressing part for the products and services, administration as well as professionalism (Handlin, 2017). Next, the organizations perform an analysis of the situation, otherwise called a SWOT, to assess and organize their qualities, shortcomings, risks and opportunities. This second step in the vital marketing process helps directors comprehend the assets they can expand on and the difficulties they confront. The third step in key marketing is to set marketing objectives. These are clear, quantifiable objectives that give leaders a reason for settling on decisions and surveying progress (Handlin, 2017). The fourth step in vital marketing is strategy improvement. This includes choosing a clear target market, a transparent group of purchasers who are exceedingly prone to purchase the offerings of the firm. Organizers should likewise pick execution strategies, particularly, successful approaches to utilize the marketing blend apparatuses of item, advancement, cost and conveyance to reach and impact imminent purchasers. The last step is known as evaluation which shows indication of how, when and by whom these strategies are to be checked and reviewed after some time.

 

 

References:

Handlin A. (2017). 5-Step Strategic Marketing Process. Retrieved from:

http://smallbusiness.chron.com/5step-strategic-marketing-process-15753.html

Johnson R. (2017). Advantages and Disadvantages Matrix Organizational Structures in Business

Organizations. Retrieved from:

http://smallbusiness.chron.com/advantages-disadvantages-   matrix- organizational-structures-business-organizations-26350.html

Mark A. (2014). 5 Psychological Theories of Motivation to Increase Productivity. Retrieved

from:

5 Psychological Theories of Motivation to Increase Productivity

Mind Tools. (2017). Theory X and Theory Y. Retrieved from:

https://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_74.htm

Newton C. (2017). Difference Between Self-Managed and Cross Functional Team. Retrieved

from:

http://smallbusiness.chron.com/difference-between-selfmanaged-crossfunctional-teams-31861.html