The object of study was directly stated, which it was different than the other genres. The noun phrases of the Academic article were very long, and it was very specific, however the noun phrases of the academic article it has a lot of post-modification and pre-modification and finally the it has the same key concept and the author uses the same variety of words over and over. The difference of the noun phrases of the other genres was very short, not specific and finally it doesn’t have a lot of pre-modification and post modification opposite the Academic Article. The outside voices in the Academic Article, where the reporting verb are not neutral, the author doesn’t use the same reporting verbs over and over, however the author uses paraphrases more than quotation, which made the author have in-text citation and reference page in his text, which is a big difference between the other texts. The difference is where the reporting verbs are neutral, the author uses quotation more than paraphrases, repeating the reporting verb over and over which made it difference by not using in-text citation and a reference page in their texts.


Creating a Definition

According to the Purdue Online Writing Lab, “A formal definition is based upon a concise, logical pattern that includes as much information as it can within a minimum amount of space. A formal definition consists of three parts:


  1. The term (word or phrase) to be defined
  2. The class of object or concept to which the term belongs
  3. The differentiating characteristics that distinguish it from all others of its class” (Writing Definitions, para. 1).




  1. A robin is a type of bird that often has a red breast, a yellow beak, and black wing tips (“Best Practices for Creating Definitions in Technical Writing, slide 9).


  1. “Comic books are sequential and narrative publications consisting of illustrations, captions, dialogue balloons, and often focus on super-powered heroes” (“Purdue Online Writing Lab,” n.d.).