Soc 100 Exam 5 Part 1

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When discussing human socialization, “nurture” refers to

 

Human biology, genetics, and physiology that shapes us as individuals
The social environment we grow up in that shapes us as individuals
Interaction with animals, and how this shapes us as individuals
All of the above

 

 

Cognitive culture refers to

 

Our physical modification of the natural environment to suit our purposes
Our mental and symbolic representations of reality
Common practices and beliefs shared by all societies
The ways in which we establish, abide by, and enforce principles of conduct

 

 

In the United States, professional gamblers, Armenian Americans, teenagers, and skateboarders are all examples of

cultural diffusion.
countercultures.
argot.
subcultures.

 

Which of the following would be ineffective as a breaching experiment, according to Garfinkel?

 

violating social norms of personal space.
paying for your meal with a credit card.
facing backwards in an elevator.
budging or cutting in line.

 

 

Informal norms can be defined as

 

Norms deemed highly necessary to the welfare of a society
Generally understood norms that are not written down in law or policy
Norms that have been written down and specify punishments for violators
Norms governing everyday behavior

 

 

Counterculture can be defined as

 

Everything humans create in establishing our relationships with nature and each other, such as language, music, traditions, etc.
A population that is bounded by political-geographical borders and characterized by regularized human interactions
A subset of people within a larger group whose ways of life are different than the main group
A group of people within a larger group whose purpose is to challenge the status quo

 

Erving Goffman popularized the dramaturgical approach, which

 

focuses on the study of actors as representatives of the larger society.
uses theater as therapy to cure anti-social tendencies.
compares everyday life to a theatrical performance.
emphasizes the dramatic consequences of political revolution.

 

 

Which of the following is an accurate description of sociology?

 

The systematic study of the relationship between the individual and society.
The systematic study of how social relationships influence people’s behavior.
The systematic study of how major social institutions and individuals interact.
All of the answers are correct.

 

The symbolic interactionist theoretical perspective

views conflict as a normal part of society.
uses everyday forms of social interaction to explain larger patterns of society.
views society like an organism with interdependent parts.
All the answers are correct.

 

An operational definition is

a relationship between two variables whereby a change in one coincides with a change in the other.
a speculative statement about the relationship between two variables.
the extent to which a measure provides consistent results.
the transformation of an abstract concept into indicators that are observable and measurable.

 

A testable statement about the relationship between two or more variables is known as a

 

research design
sample
hypothesis
correlation

 

If you were interested in studying the relationship between date and acquaintance rape victims and the characteristics of the rapist, one of your first steps would be to

 

collect and analyze data
create a hypothesis.
choose a research design.
review the literature on date and acquaintance rape.

 

In addition to the family, one of the most important socializing agents for school-age children in modern societies is:

their extended family
their peer groups
their babysitters
their teachers

 

George Herbert Mead defined the generalized other as:

the images of people in a culture
the people in a child’s family
the general values and norms of the culture in which a child is raised
the people a child has contact with while growing up

 

 

The tendency to assume that one’s own culture and way of life represent what is normal and superior to all others is called

ethnocentrism
cultural relativism.
value stability.
culture shock.

 

Which sociological perspective would be most likely to argue that laws reinforce the positions of those in power?

 

conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
functionalist perspective
feminist perspective

 

Mira is a waitress at Applebee’s. One night during her shift, she has an unpleasant interaction with a rude customer. Instead of telling him off as she would like to, she smiles and brings him what he wants. According to Goffman’s dramaturgical theory, this is an example of which type of behavior?

back stage
performance team
front stage
off stage

 

According to the video shown in class on social construction, the color pink used to be thought of as suitable for boys and the color blue for girls.

 

True

False

 

 

Culture can be defined as

 

A subset of people within a larger group whose ways of life are different than the main group
Everything humans create in establishing our relationships with nature and each other, such as language, music, traditions, etc.
A population that is bounded by political-geographical borders and characterized by regularized human interactions
A group of people within a larger group whose purpose is to challenge the status quo

 

Which of the following is NOT incorporated into the basic principles of the code of ethics for sociology?

acknowledgment of research collaboration
a required number of data sources
disclosure of sources of financial support
respect for subjects’ privacy

 

Which of the following do life course theorists argue?

Socialization continues through all stages of the life cycle.
Socialization stops at the end of formal education.
Socialization stops after leaving the parental home.
Socialization stops after one experiences a rite of passage.

 

The continuity theory of aging argues that

 

those elderly people who remain active and socially involved will be best adjusted
the elderly are best served by remaining engaged in the same kinds of activities and roles that defined their earlier lives
the elderly should be revered as wise ancestors whose knowledge is important for society
society and the aging individual should mutually sever many of their relationships

 

Which of the following is a good example of cultural lag?

Confusion about the “rules” for smart phone use in public
Older people feeling left behind or incompetent with new technologies
Consumers feeling confused when asked to order from a screen instead of a person
All of these

 

Durkheim’s egoistic form of suicide occurs…

When there is too much social integration.
When there is too much social regulation.
When there is too little social regulation.
When there is too little social integration.

 

According to lecture, the informal economy has nothing but negative consequences to individuals who participate in it.

 

True

False

 

The United States is a completely capitalist society; in other words, there are no socialist aspects of our economy or government whatsoever.

True

False

 

The correspondence principle refers to the tendency of

parents to place their children in schools that teach social values that are similar to their own.
schools to place physically handicapped children in classes with peers who are at a similar academic level, regardless of physical condition.
schools to promote the values expected of individuals in each social class and to prepare students for the types of jobs typically held by members of their class.
students to develop values and attitudes that are similar to those of their elementary school teachers.