The Reverse Outline


These directions are in the Course Content section in the Bb course shell.

The reverse outline as a tool to improve the clarity and organization of an essay.

The idea is to boil down your paragraphs to their main ideas and see if the ideas make sense

  1. Does each paragraph relate to the main idea of the paragraph and the thesis?
  2. Are there places where the flow of the paragraph is unclear?
  3. Do paragraphs repeat one idea?
  4. Does one paragraph include multiple ideas that should be in separate paragraphs?


You will end up with a list of sentences corresponding to the paragraphs in your paper. They should make sense to anyone who reads them. 

How to create a Reverse Outline

  1. Start with the MWA # 3 essay. Number the paragraphs.
  2. Construct the Reverse Outline by listing the main idea of each paragraph in your draft in a blank document. If a paragraph’s topic sentence provides a succinct version of the paragraph’s main idea, you can put that sentence into the outline as a summary for that paragraph. Otherwise, write a one-sentence summary to express the main point of each numbered paragraph.


Please go to this link from the “The Writer’s Handbook” at the University of Wisconsin for more information and an example of what the reverse outline looks like,

Remember, your paper will also have the thesis of your paper above the first entry of the reverse outline.




Title:  Reverse Outline of MWA # 3

Your thesis statement

Topic Sentence Summary of the paragraph
1.      (topic sentence of the first paragraph) Brief summary of the first paragraph
2.      (topic sentence of the second paragraph) Brief summary of the first paragraph
3.      (continue, as needed) Continue as needed



Thesis statement: Tourism is a complex socio-cultural and economic phenomenon of modern times.

Topic Sentence Summary of the paragraph
  1. Economic aspect of tourism manifested through the demand and consumption of tourists.
Tourism is a large economic system with various connections between individual elements within the national economy of a particular country, the links of the national economy with the world economy as a whole, and the sphere of economic activity, including the production and sale of tourist services and goods by various organizations that have tourist resources.
  1. Tourism a positive way of revenue generation
Tourism, being one of the largest and most dynamic industries, ranks second in terms of revenues after oil extraction and refining. It provides employment for 6% of the working population of the Earth. This function is manifested in the fact that people, resting, thus restore their work capacity, which has not only social significance, but also a direct economic effect.
  1. Tourism becomes an important indicator of a person’s social status, an indicator of the quality of his life
In the socio-cultural sphere, tourism is an interpersonal activity of a special kind, transformed into an instrument of interpersonal relations in the process of political, economic and cultural contacts, under the conditions of the internationalization of life in the form of the use of free time, as one of the factors determining the quality of life.
7.       The role of tourism in world practice is constantly increasing. Tourism contributes to the development of international economic relations, the emergence of a number of international intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations and unions
8.      There are uncountable moral and social benefits of tourism. The social significance of tourism is expressed in the growth of solidarity, camaraderie and mutual benevolence of participants in a tourist trip, independence, conscientiousness, sense of responsibility and discipline, in developing self-control and will power in any circumstances, in the right attitude towards nature and the local population.
9.      The political significance of tourism is worthless. The political importance of tourism, especially international, is the mutual rapprochement, exchange of views and views between residents of different countries and continents. Tourism can help to establish links between peoples, laying the foundations for peaceful cooperation, and serve as one of the ways to strengthen peace. Foreign tourism – the best form of knowledge of any country and its inhabitants, because the idea of ​​it, obtained from books, radio / cinema, television, is often untrue. Direct contact when traveling to this country can change the wrong concepts and prejudices.
10.  Educational value and cultural significance of tourism increases the importance of this industry. The educational value of tourism is to increase the awareness of the participants of excursions that visit various regions of the country, observe the manifestations of public life, get acquainted with the achievements of the economy and culture. The cultural significance of tourism is the enrichment of personal culture in acquaintance with new cities, people, their history and customs, achievements in art, architecture, theatrical life, literature, music, and in improving the knowledge of foreign language