Social cultural and economic benefits of Tourism

 Discipline Awareness

Instructions: 

Some of you are asking if your 10 annotated bibliographies should be focused on the topic you plan to use for your research proposal.  Of course, some of your sources should be on the topic that you might use in your research proposal, but keep in mind that before you narrow your focus to the research project, you must demonstrate a broader knowledge of your discipline when you write your Discipline Awareness Report.  Here are requirements for that assignment.

“The assignment is designed to help you explore the discoursecommunity of your field of study; the assignment will also help you map how scholars in the field “talk” to each other through their presentations and publications. Finally, the report will allow you to practice the report genre, a common workplace genre, and it will help you analyze how audience impacts disciplinary issues and concerns. The articles you choose for your discipline awareness will ideally serve as a departure point for your research assignment later in the semester.

  1. Identify key resources, areas ofinvestigation, standards of evidence, and/or genre expectations for writing in your major field and/or professional community. 
  2. Identify some ofscholars in this discipline and their publications and how they contribute to the genre 
  3. Identify some ofthe methodologies scholars use in this genre 
  4. Include anything else that would inform your audience about yourtopic area.” 

Keep this assignment in mind when selecting your sources.  Of course, some of the sources may be in the specific topic you plan to use for your research proposal but the 10 annotated bibliographies should reflect a broader perspective.

I hope this helps.

Professor Robinson

 

Please make sure to send me this assignment before 10/12.

 

Assignment Objectives

The assignment is designed to help you explore the discourse community ofyour field of study; the assignment will also help you map how scholars in the field “talk” to each other through their presentations and publications. Finally, the report will allow you to practice the report genre, a common workplace genre, and it will help you analyze how audience impacts disciplinary issues and concerns. The articles you choose for your discipline awareness will ideally serve as a departure point for your research assignment later in the semester.

  1. Identify key resources, areas ofinvestigation, standards of evidence, and/or genre expectations for writing in your major field and/or professional community.
  2. Identify some ofscholars in this discipline and their publications and how they contribute to the genre
  3. Identify some ofthe methodologies scholars use in this genre
  4. Include anything else that would inform youraudience about your topic area.

Outputs:

  • Discipline Awareness Report (900 – 1200 words)

Assignment Organization Format

Type the drafts in a readable, size 12 font. Add an original title and format and documented according to your field’s preferred style guide (APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.). Be sure to list your name, my name, the course/section number, the date, and the page numbers where your field’s style guide stipulates.

 

 Social cultural and economic benefits of Tourism

My selected topic for research is, “Social cultural and economic benefits of Tourism”. For this research my audience are public and the purpose of this research is to inform them about the importance of tourism from social, cultural and economic point of view. The mode of research is informative.  Modern science regards tourism as a complex socio-economic system. Tourism is a branch of the economy of the non-productive sphere, enterprises and organizations that meet the needs of tourists in material and non-material services, the main function of which is to provide a person with a full and rational rest. Tourism products are a complex service that includes transport, hotel services, trade (including catering), sightseeing, cultural and entertainment, sports, communal, medical, health and other institutions and enterprises as interrelated elements. In order to give the most complete classification of the types of modern tourism, it is necessary to use the most significant characteristics that characterize one or another type of tourism, in particular, the nationality of tourism; The main need, the satisfaction of which determines the tourist journey; The main means of transportation used in travel; accommodation facility; duration of travel; Group members; organizational forms; the basic principles of the formation of the price of a tourist product, etc. For this important discipline my thesis statement would be, “Tourism is a discipline that offer  positive social, cultural and economic benefits for USA”.

For this research we are using different articles and researches to support thesis statement e.g,  an article by  Raija Komppula that  offers an interesting perspective about a niche in the tourism industry: hunting tourism. Komppula argues how hunting tourism is a considerably less-developed and under-explored sector in the tourism industry. Airey offers a brief historical background to the tourism administration in the United States of America. The time-period covered in administrative review is from 1960s to 1980s. The article is tremendously useful in understanding the trajectory of the tourism legislation that has been passed in the mid to late 20th century America. In this article, William Gartner discusses the history and prospects of rural tourism in the USA. Gartner, like most of the other authors discussed in this annotated bibliography exercise offers us a unique and significant perspective on the tourism industry.

In another article by Christoph Vietze. This article represents some of the more sophisticated attempts at understanding the dynamics of tourism industry in the USA. In this article, Christoph Vietze highlights how the various, diverse personal, psychological and social factors determine the contours of the tourism industry. In another article, Gozgor & Ongan detail the effects of the country’s overall economic policy upon its tourism industry. The authors employ an Economics and Monetary-policy approach to understand how in countries where the economic policy is uncertain, the tourism industry faces a massive decline in the long run.

The book written by Loannides & Tomthy (2010), “Tourism in the USA : a spatial and social synthesis” is a comprehensive resource for studying the history of the major developments of the tourism industry in the USA. This book covers a span of over 5 decades and provides an excellent summary of some of the most important landmarks in the legal, social and cultural developments in the country which led to an increased appreciation of and demand for tourism. Van der Sterren (2017) pointed out the impact of tourism on economic s of any developing country in terms of financial markets, microfinance. Tourism is one of the main sources of income for most countries of the world (one of the five main sources of income for 83% of states, the main source of income for 38% of states). Cultural factors. Such factors include satisfaction of cultural, educational and aesthetic needs, which is expressed in people’s knowledge, study of life, traditions, culture and history of other states and peoples.

For this research I will use past researches and related stuff from books along with data and statistics related to social, cultural and economic benefits of tourism. For a number of reasons, the tourism industry, regarded as an industry, rarely receives such attention from the public that would be in line with its role in economic activity. One of the main reasons is the lack of a properly organized statistical accounting of tourism activities, when the economic indicators of tourism “dissolve” in data from other sectors of the national economy.

Conclusion need to summarize the entire research from the tourism industry, individual benefits of tourism like social benefits, cultural benefits and economic benefits. The impact of tourism on the environment can be direct, indirect and incentive, as well as positive and negative. Tourism can not develop without interaction with the environment, but through the management of tourism development and clear planning it is possible to reduce the negative impact and increase the positive. Socio-cultural influence can be both positive and negative. The positive is the exchange of cultural information. The interest of tourists to the cultural heritage of the country can evoke a reciprocal sense of pride among local residents, encouraging them to preserve their national traditions, crafts. Negative influence is often manifested as a result of direct contact, but can also arise from the disproportionate development of tourism and the ineffectiveness of the realization of potential opportunities. After that the problems that are faced by tourism industry and the role of government.

References

Airey, D. (1984). Tourism administration in the USA. Tourism Management, 5(4), 269-279.

Gozgor, G., & Ongan, S. (2017, January). Economic Policy Uncertainty and Tourism Demand: Empirical Evidence from the USA. International Journal of Tourism Research, 19(1), 99-106.

Komppula, R. (2013, April). Hunting as a travel experience: An auto-ethnographic study of hunting tourism in Finland and the USA. Tourism Management, 35, 168-180.

Loannides, D., & Tomthy, J. D. (2010). Tourism in the USA : a spatial and social synthesis. New York: Routledge.

Parsa, H. (Ed.). (2015). Sustainability, social responsibility, and innovations in tourism and hospitality. Boca Raton: Taylor and Francis .

Van der Sterren, J. (2017). Financial markets, microfinance and tourism in developing countries. ARA: Revista de Investigación en Turismo, 1(2).

Vietze, C. (2012). Cultural Effects on Inbound Tourism into the USA: A Gravity Approach. Tourism Economics, 18(1), 121-138.