Moral Worth in Kant’s deontological View
Kant was a deontologist that believed our morality is based on rightness and wrongness (Archie, J., Archie., L.). Immanuel Kant’s theory of epistemology is that it starts with knowledge (“Kant’s Categorical Imperative”). However, he mentions that ethical principles are not gained through experience, but understood by the mind independently from experience (“Kant’s Categorical Imperative”). Kant very much believed that religion, and morality should be kept apart. In order to determine what’s right you have to use reason (“Kant’s Categorical Imperative”). In other words, he believed turning to religion for our morality would lead people in many different directions. One religion condones multiple wives where another claim you should only have one. According to Kant, morality is continuous, and can be understood in mathematical terms (Archie, J., Archie, L.). Kant explains that we establish moral rules for ourselves, because we’re rational thinkers (“Kant’s Categorical Imperative”). If human beings weren’t rational thinkers, then we wouldn’t have any humanity. Our humanity keeps us our morals in check. We’re all autonomous, because we make choices to either do the right or wrong thing. For example, I could help a friend in need just because I care about them without expecting anything in return. Or, I could help them, and expect them to compensate me. Expecting compensation is an example of doing the right thing for the wrong reason. As a pharmacy technician, it’s my duty to inform patients of insurance issues, and ways to help them make their medications cheaper if they have no insurance. I don’t favor one patient over the other. It’s my duty to make sure each and every person is taken care of promptly, and efficiently. According to Kant, it would be wrong for me to favor one patient over the other, because they are upset, and angry about the cost of their medication. If I helped one person a little more than the other just because they’re disrespectful is like saying it’s okay for every technician to do this. Therefore, leading to more problems with the same people.