Antibiotic Resistance and Global Warming
Antibiotic resistance increasing with time by the bacteria that these antibiotics are made for. During the past three decades, around 60 antibiotics have been approved by the concerned authorities. 29 antibiotic drugs were approved in the 80s, 23 were approved in the 90s and 9 were approved in the 2000s. These antibiotics were approved after they were rigorously tested and proved to be helpful against the bacteria they were made for.
Each year 2 million of Americas get some kind of infection caused by the bacteria that have developed a resistance to antibiotic drugs which is alarming. The most alarming thing is that due to the fact that these bacteria have developed resistance to their designated antibiotics, their cure is complicated which results in the death of 23000 each year.
Animal dung or manure is responsible for the production of methane that exhausts into the fresh air and makes it dirty. Therefore, the air that surrounds CAFOs is dirtier than most polluted cities in the United States. This surely has a negative impact on the environment and a contributor to Global Warming.
The food and agriculture organization of the UN has reported in 2013 that out of all human induced Green House Gases, Animal agriculture is responsible for 18% of it. 37% of this emission is in the form of methane and 65% is in the form of nitrous oxide.
There is a need to Fic CAFOS to contribute to the cause of environment protection and sustainability. One of the way it can be done is anaerobic digesters which could decrease the amount of methane in the manure. However this won’t work for poultry litter. Another solution is the focus on biogas capture but this is a short term solution.