“In addition to effective and extensive labor-recruitment and employment networks, personal transnational networks between Japanese-Brazilians living in Brazil and Japan have also expanded the migrant flow by increasing the number of chain migrants called over their families or friends who have prolonged their stays in Japan.”
This statement gives an example of how transnational ties work to promote transnational personal networks which in turn affect the migration process to keep it continued after initial migration. This shows with an example from Brazilian-Japanese immigrants that although migration of Brazilian immigrants started due to recession in Brazil, however one of the reasons for its prolonged continuation was the transnational personal ties of the Brazilians in Japan with their relatives and friends Brazilians living in Brazil. Since Brazilians living in Japan have a better idea of opportunities and work environment, they help and encourage their relatives and friends to find jobs, accommodations, and even financial support to get to the receiving country. These transnational ties and personal networks are a major source of immigration to continue in many receiving countries thus tossing the terms transnational ties and transnational network into the research literature. This also refers to the concept of self-sustaining migration system.