Kemalism & Pahlavism
Kemalism and Pahlavism were two different kinds of authoritarian means so as to direct the public through new reforms. Kemalism had six reforms. All of these reforms, when combined, allowed six different ideologies to be merged together so as to unite the people and masses under a new direction, one which was supported as a state run operation and quite different from the regulatory system of Islam. Islam was kept as a personal belief instead. People were asked to promote the new reforms into the masses so as to see the change more quickly and more systematically throughout the Ottoman Empire. Another part of the reform was to invoke nationalism into the minds of the people, something that the Turks called “turkishness”. Another part of Kemalism was the fact that people would accept change through a way which did not contain violence or any similar figure. Pahlavism was also an authoritarian changes of reforms and means. These changes and reforms were similar to secularism that was seen in Kemalism. However, the identity of Persia was removed and renamed as Iran. The entire region was then known as Iran while the people of the region had received new identities. Several clothing were either made compulsory or banned, such as wearing hats and the banning of veils. Pahlavism was the means through which Iranian identity became recognized in the entire world. Moreover, Pahlavism was also the means through which the Iranians got rid of the bondage with the West in terms of finances and other trading resources.