Compare the assumptions Theory X makes about employees with those of Theory Y. How do these different assumptions influence management styles?
Assumptions of Theory X makes about employees with those of theory Y.
Theory X managers have a pessimistic view of their people, whereas Theory Y managers have an optimistic view of their people. Theory X assumes that employees dislike work and avoid responsibility and leadership, whereas Theory Y assumes employees are happy to work and they seek responsibility. Theory X makes assumption employees need constant supervision, whereas Theory Y assumes there is no need for supervision. Theory X assumes people are generally not intelligent and self-centered, whereas Theory Y assumes people have creativity.
Theory X encourages the management style in which there are several levels of managers and supervisors to control the work done by employees. Such management requires centralized control in which managers can punish, reward employees for getting the work done by employees.
Management styles which follow Theory Y, there is no centralized control, and there are lesser levels of managers. Generally, the work is delegated, and there is open communication between employees and managers.