1. Discuss Theory X, Theory Y, and Theory Z

Theory X, Theory Y, and Theory Z

Theory X, Theory Y, and Theory Z discuss different managerial approaches. Theory X assumes that the employees are inactive and sluggish. They don’t do the work but with negative reinforcement and threats (Kopelman, Prottas, & Davis, 2008). With this managerial approach, the managers tightly control the workers. Such organization has centralized decision-making system. This approach inhibits creativity at the workplace. It is suitable for the factory or manufacturing working environment. Theory Y assumes that the employees attain motivation by their internal need to fulfill their job responsibilities and goals. They don’t need the step-by-step directions. This assumption promotes the decentralized decision-making environment. Employees are well-trusted. The management encourages employees to actively participate in the decision-making process and present their views. Theory Z emphasizes that an organizational culture should be aligned with the culture prevailed in society. It pays attention to boost employee loyalty by arranging for the well-being of employees (Ouchi & Price, 1978). This managerial style emphasizes on employee development and involvement.