What are the major provisions and requirements of the Civil Rights Act of 1964?
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was the culmination of over a decade of fervent, passionate protest of the American people to end the segregation and mistreatment of African Americans in nearly all aspects of life. There were a series of breakthroughs such as the Interstate Commerce Commission’s abolition of segregated passengers on interstate buses. This would eventually lead to bus terminals to become desegregated by extent, along with any facility such as a restaurant inside of them to be desegregated. Marches, sit-ins and rallies across the country, notably led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., led the nation into passing the Civil Rights Act of 1964, essentially ending the governmentally-supported racism that existed across the country.
The three main provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which still hold as law today are titles II, VII, and IX. Title II saw to it that all public places and areas in the country were to be equal to all people on basis of race, gender, ethnicity, or religion. This was directly a result of the Interstate Commerce Commission’s earlier filings that saw to it that obstructing interstate commerce through any sort of segregation violated the rights of citizens under federal law. Title II was very successful very quickly because of its ability to call upon all sectors of the nation and all sectors of business.
Title VII is a provision of the act that provides protection of equality in employment. This means that all people, regardless of race, gender, or religion, would be able to be considered equally for a job, with minimum wage, and dignity as well. This gave rise to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), which is a commission that is tasked with the power to enforce the equal protection of the law for all in cases of potential occupational discrimination, often overseeing class action against potential violators of Title VII.
Title IX is a section of the law that requires equal education and educational opportunities for all people, regardless of race, religion, or gender. This sees to it that any school receiving federal funding cannot discriminate against any person for their ethnicity, gender or religion.