Article: D’Andrea, W., Bergholz, L., Fortunato, A., & Spinazzola, J. (2013). Play to the whistle: A pilot investigation of a sports-based intervention for traumatized girls in residential treatment. Journal of family violence, 28(7), 739-749.
The big problem that caused the motivation of authors to do this research was, there was no research on the effects of trauma-informed sports on young people living in the residential treatment facilities. Even there was no research available on impact of sports on trauma patients. Therefore, D’Andrea, Bergholz, Fortunato, and Spinazzola (2013) studied the sports-based intervention for traumatized girls in residential treatment facilities. The purpose of this research was to find the answer that sport can be used for treatment of traumatized girls in residential treatment facilities by changing the sport by trauma principles. Secondly, the study wanted to find the effects of trauma-informed sport on adolescent girls in residential treatment facilities. This research found a significant impact of trauma-informed sports in improving the behavior and mental health among female adolescents in residential treatment facilities. This study is significant because trauma-informed sports have been found to positively affect many traumatized children in easy way and it does not require all coaches to be experts in therapies. Thus, sports-based intervention has been useful and clinically meaningful to help mental and behavioral improvements in trauma patients in residential-treatment facilities.
The authors defined the key concept of sports-based intervention as modifying the sport using trauma-informed intervention principle. The authors explained the concept as training coaches to manage the sports and use appropriate trauma principles for example providing specific phrase for positive behavior, develop positive attention during play and other trauma principles. The concept of sport-based intervention is limited to treat traumatized girls in residential treatment facilities. Branta and Goodway (as cited in D’Andrea, Bergholz, Fortunato, & Spinazzola, 2013) found that aggressive behavior reduced in children with special physical activities given to them in the class. This finding supports the concept of sports-based intervention to treat trauma. “Do the Good” is another key term that explains the sports-based intervention as a curriculum providing guidance on how to incorporate trauma principles into team sports for treatment purposes.
D’Andrea, Bergholz, Fortunato, & Spinazzola (2013) studied and found that sports-based intervention has significantly positive impact on trauma through improving mental health and behavior. Purves and Erwin (2004) studied the impact of self-disclosure on trauma patients and they concluded that symptoms of trauma were related to the level of self-disclosure among individuals. They found that more self-disclosure could reduce trauma symptoms. Thus both the sources researched the impact of two different factors on trauma.
- Traumatic individuals
Traumatic means destressing or disturbing therefore I can use traumatic events but not traumatic individuals. Therefore to correct it we use trauma patients because it means those who suffer from trauma. Simply checking meaning of the word “traumatic” can help avoid this error
- has been limited
This was wrong use of tense so I corrected it to present tense that is “is limited”